Home Business in Russia “Chinchillovodstvo”
Chinchillas have been bred in captivity for more than 80 years, the demand for these animals and their skins is always high throughout the world. You have probably heard or seen on radio and television that products made from chinchilla skins are very expensive. Their fur is called “soft gold.”
Chinchilla is suitable for breeding at home, first of all, because chinchillas have no sweat glands and there is almost no smell in the animal. Chinchilla is a moving animal, so they need a cage measuring 40/40 cm (cube), about five pairs of chinchillas can be placed on five square meters.
Chinchillas are best kept in pairs. A cage for a pair is best done on a metal frame covered with a 20 by 20 mm mesh galvanized mesh. At the bottom of the cage, a retractable tray is installed to facilitate cleaning, with wooden shavings or straw.
The daily diet consists of a grain mixture: barley, oats, corn, wheat, sunflower seeds, hay, crackers, dried apples, rose hips, etc. Chinchillas readily gnaw branches, leaves of trees and shrubs (birch, willow, etc.). To ensure that chinchillas have full-fledged nutrition, it is necessary to draw up for such a diet that includes high-calorie, fortified, well-digested food.
How to make the most healthy diet out of the whole variety of different available chinchilla feeds? It all depends on the chinchillovod’s ability, on his ability to correctly assess the condition of animals, their needs. Chinchillas should receive a variety of concentrated feed and hay daily. As an additional feed, raisins, apples, rose hips, tree branches. Feed must be given in certain amounts of 35-40 grams per day (tablespoon), so the cost of feeding chinchillas is very minimal.
Chinchillas also need sand baths. After such swimming, the fur fluffs out at the animals and the skin is cleaned, which contributes to good thermoregulation of the body. For this, a bathing (capacity) is needed where sand is poured. Many farmers have not been using special purchased sand for a long time and are preparing this sand mixture on their own, which significantly reduces the cost of maintaining chinchillas.
Time-tested special recipes and methods for preparing sand dust, as well as a feed base, you can get from Dmitry Gennadevich, one of the breeders from Cheboksary.
Favorable temperature for the content of chinchillas 12-25 degrees of heat, the desired humidity of 50-70%.
It is better to take chinchillas by the tail, substituting a hand as a support, when lifting by the tail and examining the genitals, you can also determine the sex of the animal.
The puberty of females occurs about 6-7 months. Males may be a little late in maturation for 6–9 months. Often, the countdown of pregnancy can be carried out directly from the day of the formation of the family, if it was completed at a mature age and the female was on the hunt.
Their race occurs on average every 41 days, although this period can vary from 30 to 50 days. During the rut, the female usually behaves more aggressively and becomes more mobile. Can spread food. It is not uncommon when shreds of wool can be found in the female’s cage in the morning. The race lasts from two to seven days. With monogamous maintenance (in a pair of 1 + 1), the male does not need to be jailed; he is a wonderful father, and he will lick and warm. It happens that he is the best parent of the couple, more caring, which is one of the good qualities and can add him a point at the next scoring of animals.
It is better to examine the female during feeding period for milkiness, to feed young growth if necessary. After 50-70 days, young growth can already be planted. By 3.5-6 months, you can make a decision on the completion of new families.
Breeding chinchillas is a wonderful, highly profitable business. But before you engage in this type of activity, you need to think carefully. You need to decide where to keep them. In the countryside, this is not a problem, but in the city this is more difficult. Somewhere in the garage it will not work, because it is the animal’s vital products and, accordingly, the smell. I don’t think the garage neighbor will like it.